We promote Healthy
Environmental-Friendly
and Pest-free living
Termite
Termites may be small, but they cause more damage every year than hurricanes and fires combined.
Ants
Ants can nest about anywhere in and around your house; in lawns, walls, stumps, even under foundations.
Cockroach
Cockroaches are unhygienic. They infest homes and buildings everywhere around the world.
Flies
Flies are transmitters of diseases primarily because they feed on human and animal wastes.
 
PROTECTION
from termites
A member of the pest
control association
of MALAYSIA

Pest Library

Subterranean Termite

CHARACTERISTICS
Size: Color:
Worker:
1/8- to 3/8-inch in length.
Soldier:
Body is similar to that of the worker, but large, deck head with powerful mandibles.
Supplementary Reproductive:
About one inch in length.
Primary Reproductive:
About one inch in length.
Worker:
Pale, cream colored.
Soldier:
Light colored with brown head.
Supplementary Reproductive: Light colored.
Primary Reproductive:
Dark brown/black.
Soldiers have an elongated head with pincer-like mandibles. Supplementary Reproductives have either no wings or very short non-functional wings, while Primary Reproductives have four wings of equal size until they are shed. Primary Reproductives are the termites most often seen in the open. They are commonly referred to as "swarmers."

Behaviour

This termite is known to swarm in spring, but small flights can occur at any time of the year. Swarming is the visible means that termites use to establish new colonies. As the colony grows, specialized castes are produced for the different tasks required. One caste produced is the workers. Another caste is the soldiers. And a third caste is the reproductives. Primary reproductives swarm and start new colonies. They are called alates or swarmers. Although thousands of primary reproductives may be produced each year, they all leave the nest. Supplementary reproductives, on the other hand, can become reproductive only in the colonies in whch they were born. They assit the primary king and queen in population growth of the colony.

Habitat

Subterranean termites live in colonies in the ground, building vertical tunnels that look like mud tubes above ground level so that they can search for food. Because subterranean termites will die if exposed to air for an extended period of time, the tunnels provide protection from the open air, allowing workers to carry food to the nest. Subterranean termites can form tunnels through cracks in concrete, so slab homes are not exempt from these termites. They need to stay in contact with the soil in order to survive, unlike drywood termites that only need low moisture.

Tips for Control

There are several things a homeowner can do which can help prevent termite infestations or make them easier to detect.
Store wood away from the house.
Make sure at least four inches of the foundation can be seen all around the home. Siding should not extend into the soil. Mulch and soil should not touch the siding.
Make sure water drains away from the foundation to ensure water does not accumulate. Rain gutters are ideal; however, the downspout should direct the water away from the home.
Roof or plumbing leaks can allow termites to survive above ground in a house. These should be corrected as soon as possible.

 

Copyright DIAMOND PEST CONTROL 2017. All Rights Reserved.   |   Your Termite Control Specialist